Anaphylaxis: Life-Threatening Allergies

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Allergic Reactions: What’s Normal, What’s Not

Allergies are common and usually not life-threatening. But there can be cases of anaphylaxis, a severe allergic reaction that needs immediate medical treatment. You need to know the difference.

Allergy Symptoms: What’s Normal

Kids with mild allergies (such as seasonal allergies) will usually have these symptoms:

  • Watery, runny eyes
  • Runny nose
  • Sneezing
  • Nasal congestion
  • An itchy rash or hives

These symptoms usually aren’t serious. But stay on the lookout for more serious allergy symptoms (see below), especially in kids who have a history of asthma and severe allergic reactions.

Anaphylaxis Symptoms

Watch for these anaphylaxis symptoms and visit a hospital /doctor right away if you notice:

  • Difficulty breathing or noisy breathing
  • Hives
  • Swelling of the throat, face, lips, or tongue
  • Tightness in the lungs
  • Wheezing
  • Hoarseness
  • Pale or flushed skin
  • Sweating
  • Weak, rapid pulse
  • Low blood pressure
  • Dizziness, fainting
  • Nausea, vomiting
  • Abdominal pain

What Causes Anaphylaxis?

Many cases are caused by food allergies or insect stings.

In anaphylaxis, a child has a severe reaction to an allergy trigger. Their airways narrow and their throat swells, which can block breathing. Their blood vessels widen, making their blood pressure fall, sometimes to dangerous levels.

Anaphylactic reactions usually happen fast. Symptoms often get the most severe within three to 30 minutes of exposure to the allergy trigger. Quicker reactions are usually more severe.

Management

As soon as any of the above mentioned sign and symptom of Anaphylaxis is noted, please rush to nearby hospital without wasting precious time.

 

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